According to the Better Business Bureau, around 14 million individuals are victimized by employment scams each year, and those who are inexperienced with work scams are more likely to lose money to them.

Even for experienced job seekers, distinguishing between a scam and a legitimate offer can be difficult. Protect yourself throughout your search by being familiar with the warning indicators.

Review these strategies to recognize and prevent a range of internet scams aimed at obtaining your personal information and money.

1. Sounds too good to be true

As the adage goes, if anything sounds too good to be true, it generally is. Here are some red flags that the “job” is a hoax:

You did not make contact with them. They got in touch with you.

According to the BBB Scam Tracker, 80 per cent of victims stated that the fraudster started contact with them, most commonly via a job board or social media. In this case, the “employer” may frequently offer you a position straight immediately or attempt to tempt you by claiming that you have already made the first cut and that they want to interview you as a finalist for the position.

The pay is excellent—much higher than is typical for the job.

You are given the job right away.

Following a brief phone or online interview, the “interviewer” calls you to offer you the job. Scammers scour job boards seeking victims. To limit the possibility of being scammed, utilize employment sites with strict privacy standards and that only allow verified employers to access the advertisements.

2. Job Requirements and Job Description Are Vague

Scammers try to make their emails appear legitimate by include employment criteria. Typically, these qualifications are so easy that practically everyone qualifies:

You must be at least 18 years old. You must be a U.S. citizen. Internet access is required.

The job description makes no mention of years of education or experience. As a general rule, if it’s a true job, the specifications will be fairly explicit.

Typically, employment scam emails do not provide detailed job descriptions. Many job seekers claim that when they ask for a job description or a list of work responsibilities, they are ignored.

 The interviewer either dismisses the queries or replies something to the effect of, “Don’t worry, we’ll train you.”

3. Emails that are not professional

Some scam emails are well-written, but many are not. Professionals that can write properly are hired by real firms. Be wary if the email involves spelling, capitalization, punctuation, or grammatical errors. Here’s a reader-submitted example:

Human resources have just examined your resume as a result of the one you uploaded on You have now been booked for an interview with the company’s recruiting manager.

The errors in this example are as follows:

Errors in capitalization: “Human resources” should be spelt “Human Resources.”

Punctuation errors: Commas, periods, and parentheses should all be followed by a space.

Grammar errors: “Human resources have reviewed…” should be “Human Resources has reviewed…”

 4. Online Interviews Through Messaging Services

Many attempted frauds state that the interview would be conducted online using an instant messaging service. Scammers frequently offer instructions for setting up and contacting the recruiting manager, and they may request sensitive information.

If you apply for an online job and are informed that the interview will take place online by instant messaging, do some research on the firm and its representatives before agreeing to an interview. And, if you accept to be interviewed, ask comprehensive questions about the position during the interview.

Don’t give out sensitive information like your bank account, BVN, or NIN.

5. Contact information is not included in emails

If the email does not include the company’s address and phone number, it is likely a hoax. Also, be wary of interviewers who make reasons for utilizing a personal email account, such as the company’s servers being down, etc.

Some phishing emails can appear to be from legitimate businesses. According to one reader:

Google email addresses to verify their authenticity. Take care to copy and paste each address exactly into the search box. You may also insert the phrase “scam” after the email address to discover whether the firm has already been reported.

6. Search Outcomes Don’t Add It Up ​

Do your homework before committing to an interview. If it’s a legitimate firm, you should be able to find out more about it by conducting an Internet search. Finding information does not ensure that the firm is legitimate, but if you can’t locate anything, it’s probably a hoax.

ALWAYS call the REAL firm and inquire about the existence of this employee. That’s how I discovered this employee was a liar.

Sophisticated fraudsters may design up attractive websites, but appearances can be misleading.

Go to Who. Is and enter the company’s website address into the “domain names or IP addresses” box before clicking the search button. The results will show you when the website was created.

7. You’re Asked to Provide Confidential Information​

Some scammers ask for your bank account information to set up direct deposit or transfer money to your account, or ask you to open a new bank account and provide the information to them:

8. Sending Money or Using a Personal Bank Account

Some readers claim to have received payments that seem to be genuine.  

9. They Expect You to Pay for Something

Legitimate businesses do not demand payment. Be wary if you are told that you must acquire software or pay for services.

10. Your Gut Feeling Tells You It’s a Scam ​

Your greatest defence is to research the firm, although some fraudsters are quite smart. If you get a feeling that something isn’t quite right, listen to your gut instinct. Ask questions and listen carefully to the replies.

Slow down the process and avoid being coerced into making a commitment or disclosing personal information. Do additional research. If it turns out to be a scam, notify the authorities.

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