Recruitment refers to the procedure of finding out about prospective candidates for any job opening and encouraging them to get in touch with the company along with applying for the vacancy. In human resource management, the term “recruitment” refers to the tasks involved in searching for and hiring the most eligible and qualified candidate for given job openings, in a cost-effective and timely manner.
Selection refers to a set of activities in which an organization chooses a fixed number of applicants from among the various applicants who may have applied for the job openings. The process of selection incorporates the final appointment of new employees to fill up the seats of the enterprise.
- Recruitment defines the entire process of finding candidates who may be interested in specific job openings. It also involves the different acts of stimulating interested candidates for filing applications. The selection process encompasses the actions of picking up the most eligible candidates from all those who may have filed in their application for a given job opening. The objective of the selection process lies in offering the appointment letter to the most suitable candidates only.
- As it is a process that encourages more and more interested applicants to apply for a given job, recruitment is considered a positive process. On the other hand, selection serves to be a costly process in the sense that it leads to the filtering and rejection of all those candidates who are considered unfit for the job on offer.
- In terms of the number of applicants, the difference between selection and recruitment lies in more and more job applicants being invited to fill in applications for vacant jobs. Conversely, the number of applicants keeps reducing in the selection process, and only the most eligible candidates for a job opening remain in the end. The appointment letter is given to the candidate/candidates who is/are ready to accept the job on the terms and conditions as specified by the company.
- In comparison to the selection process, the activities related to recruitment are simple. This is because recruiters do not go through the processes connected with the scrutiny and assessment of the candidates in any way. Selection serves to be a complicated and well-designed activity comprising of different stages. This is because the companies making the selection have to assess and evaluate the details and skills of interested candidates at each stage. Thorough investigation and the various selection and interview modes have to be applied to freeze upon the most suitable candidates in the lot for filling up the job opening.
- The entire recruitment process: consumes less time because it merely involves the identification of the needs of specific job openings. Additionally, it stimulates more and more candidates to file their application for the same. On the other hand, selection incorporates a broader range of activities. The selection tasks begin with the shortlisting of the right candidates and culminate in appointing the most suitable of them all.
- In the case of recruitment, an organization notifies interested candidates about the vacancy via different sources like the internet, newspapers, periodicals, magazine, and so forth. The information about job openings is extended to all interested applicants so that they may easily apply. In contrast, the entire process of selection incorporates several steps undertaken by a firm to make sure that the most suitable candidates pass through different stages of selection. Generally, the various stages of selection include submission of forms, written examinations, interviews, medical assessments, etc.
- No contractual relationship is established between any parties in case of recruitment. However, in the selection process, both employee and employer sign a contract of employment and are bound by the same.
8. Overall, recruitment serves to be an economical process. On the other hand, the selection is comparatively more expensive.